chiller design calculation pdf

%%EOF )� �{���/N*��E4���ʘ����0H�o��Ժ�}\K�}p��Ij�B��"bHj��ẁJ�����.�(1hW�6�Zަ��\�%�7s��4�Hj��0K��F3$7(�y��Z�f�d���ԛ�F1��W�JHbӱ������&�$�ht�`-�^Eف!1�����y�@�B c���֪��+��mm8���۶=H�E�ǵn_,���RJo4�8L��Ԁ�RŻ�:��`-5`�TA�T�(����;��%(-5`�TAeI�Xx))K�IB(|�w�V��~���u{Na/�����7s6�����|�����w�7_/��d��_���-^�G�gs�6��޿H����cX��Q�/��5�]۠��aC,�{EC�^�U�Y�����N�z�l}2�lr��Em����0����?�^�O�l�T�LgEx���[Bɝ����fL5�"W��ld����V��i#��d��+������т'.�-�lГI+ �D�+��Q��lY��B_�!��{�^����Wq�S9Y�. %PDF-1.4 h�� _�i� �@���� �d0@ChDG�V�PB*P&����l��3BEM�% "nPF�Z ����8`�y� Oversize the chiller by 20% Ideal Size in Tons = Tons x 1.2. 3�T%c���Pb)�*�2V��ER8 VJO����۟7N.���J�I�� HVAC DESIGN MANUAL Chapter 6 Œ Cooling and Heating Load Calculations 33 Scope Basic Principles Calculation Procedures The CLTD/CLF Method Radiant Time Series Walls and Roofs Fenestration Internal Loads Summary Chapter 7 Œ Psychrometric Considerations 45 Psychrometric Requirements Psychrometric Chart Process Lines Dew Point %äüöß 2- Minimum ventilation: ޒ��y~#�%�X[��Z�W��\�+r��=ك�[A�2�������xC�$� Windage or Drift Loss Calculation: Drift loss of the cooling tower is normally provided by the cooling tower manufacturer based on the Process design. chillers allows the design engineer to produce chilled water in a central building location or even on ... Flow and Capacity Calculations For air conditioning applications, the common design conditions are 44°F supply water temperature and 2.4 gpm/ton. t�3�D8�L�3�D��i���|o���J-k������O��R~�_ @��� = 12600 Total = 138600 Kcal / Hr 1 TR =3025 Kcal / Hr at an evaporation temperature of + 15O C. = 138600 Divide by 3025 = 45.82 TR In addition, consult the factory when specifying a chiller with glycol or any fluid other than water. Labs, Plastics, Lasers, Semiconductor, Medical, Pharmaceutical, Extraction, Chemical, the list could go on and on. Chillers provide mechanical cooling for commercial, institutional, multiunit residential, and industrial facilities. For HVAC engineers, this pdf ebook is a guide for the design of chilled water air conditioning systems. 1142 0 obj <> endobj 3, K Srinivasa Rao. Thank you for investing your time and knowledge with Chiller & Cooling Best Practices and please remember to visit www.coolingbestpractices.com. The unit is derived from the cooling rate available per hour from 1 ton (1 short ton = 2000 pounds = 907.18 kg) of ice, when it melts over a period of 24 hours. �{�b) +��z�æ� ��&��J^�S��M�0 )� x�Q��K����is��/S�u%}��8a� � P�YF�;LCJe�e��$0�T&P�YF��$LCJe�%��W�Qh�RYG�g%B���XcA�d�n�0 Y���,ڎ(��Ì�Y� Example: a 23.9904 (or 25-Ton) chiller is required A 20 ton cooling-capacity chiller from Cold Shot Coolers Plastic Process Cooling Applications. room cooling load ratio, RCLR, defined as the percentage of the total system heat Description of Design Tool gain (including 100% of lighting) that is A design tool has been developed as to be assigned to the room in the UFAD a spreadsheet-based calculation proce- airflow calculation. In general, consult the factory when determining the model number for a heat exchanger or chiller. !�/�~��P�R�' �ui�`�J�~�BO0T�� X)U�'(�Aui���R�~� ����s�%n�M �}�q��9� ��Ĥy���B�G�fC�#K��MP��� ���>�]x��e�~�Hs20����m^��`�1�Q�| � �g�� Energy Performance Assessment of HVAC Systems Bureau of Energy Efficiency 117 First calculate the kW/ton rating from the measured parameters. If it is not available it may be assumed as For Natural Draft Cooling Tower D = 0.3 to 1.0 * C /100 For Induced Draft Cooling Tower D = 0.1 to 0.3 * C /100 Size the equipment cooling capacity based on Chart 2 and Chart 3. Chiller or Heat exchanger sizing calculations. Calculate tons of cooling capacity Tons = BTU/hr. DESIGN OF COOLING TOWER B Bhavani Sai. Example: 19.992 x 1.2 = 23.9904; 5. P�R�J@$�X �T*vj�+�A�D�5�RJPb�����!7(�x��JJ�8���H��X)%���� �Ibo)`����m٫�� ����c�.�v? �C*�����P�י�N���g@��8r���9�K� V�D(9�@�Q��R> VJ*ن������xH\�#�B S�>Kq��;D�K� V�T�0T �nK� X)�옭���o�/�`�F��t�%��� engineer is still responsible for the calculations and results within the calculator. �����4:`��5��[�����“І�F��?�� 1. In this article we are going to be taking a very detailed look at the design data for a centrifugal, water cooled, chiller. Cooling Tower Fan Model 76 Piping Model 78 OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES • 80 Chilled Water Reset 80 Tower minimum set point 84 Free Cooling 85 Multiple Chiller Scheduling 86 Chilled Water Set Point Reduction 89 DESIGN OPTIONS 91 Increasing Air Handler Capacity 91 Check Valve • 91 The cooling effect of refrigeration systems is generally quantified in tons of refrigeration. %PDF-1.7 %���� Calculation of log mean enthalpy difference for the design condition & site test condition From the calculation, the log mean enthalpy difference for the test is found to be approximately 83% (16.6 kJ/kg / 20.0 kJ/kg). t��]��@W�+�� Direct-expansion evaporator cut-away In either design, there is an approach temperature, which is the temperature ���� Kf Ԫ$#�0If��ʐ�P��ؙ ��w\>��0���Y H�\��n�@���C���DB�;�|��w �؋�4���NQQVZ$�AwU����~���������N���po� �����J��������f��T|�_�p��1�k��H/�s���M7�c��]��pv���G�n��'\�0�­׮���K3}m.��K�ӾK�����j�}��>W.�+�i�.\�� ��!��t�]���u���Z��xj71�K|\�X� planning and budgeting during the initial stages of design. For example, what size chiller is needed for a polypropylene molding operation that incorporates a 6oz. ÷ 12,000; Oversize the chiller by 20% Ideal Size in Tons = Tons x 1.2; You have the ideal size for your needs; For example, what size chiller is required to cool 40GPM from 70°F to 58°F? The technical data has been taken from a mechanical draft cooling tower. �ɴ�j�#5����%�'Np|k}���]� .�Ƶ���U �u 5FV��(�:¹�Ռ�E��GBKn�#d��ї�T�IO��;CX^��v�+Kci��>��:q�Zf�#X�� �s�r~�s�����0 %�S' �ģ����C�J���:`��}Q.�&��%`t�N?ù��M~���|+�a�tJR�vtRT�ѳ&�5�!l"a�e�Cm�\�*�NK�"�q6����&�5p��>��u��KG����g#�����H?8�Jۼ���n�Ȳ�%d*��yp|�툌��I����C�[�O�k�SVFL/��l?ޠ��e5���phxTU��>�e7ô\��������1�X�(��T >�x��[���]�G��EΆ���m�dÔ�.�ɴȪiY0�O�]�����ɒ߲긬�r�e�y�4v)�ӬWeY}�,(�a���v�8ی.St��"b�5�x�� @$Q���D��M̝ Gˢ��FGY�����E��ҁ귴&�U7j�)I��5���a�����R�D!����(�E(�? �= It is used to … The results can also be used to double check a preliminary or final design to ensure the design falls within the ranges presented in the calculator. 0 For example, a cooling tower sized to cool 4540 m 3/hr through a 13.9°C range might be larger than a cooling tower to cool 4540 m3/hr through 19.5°C range. endstream endobj startxref Because the cooling tower is tested in part load, the log mean enthalpy difference is smaller than the design value (20.06 kJ/kg). Cooling may be required for facility heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems or for process cooling loads (e.g., data centers, manufacturing process cooling). What all of these industries have in common is they all require a chiller at some point in the process. ROD SMITH Editor tel: 412-980-9901, rod@airbestpractices.com, www.coolingbestpractices.com FROM THE EDITOR Cooling System Design EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD Industrial Energy Managers Doug Barndt �*���������*/j��?��˵���=�)‰+A&�\�x�(��m��j�^�a�����n�d� The aim of this design project is to design a chiller with a COP of 2.2 or Design and Fabrication of Cooling Tower Dileep KJ1, Dileep Kumar Baniya2, Anoop Chandran Kurup3, Arun Varghese4 1234(Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangalore Technological Institute,India) Abstract: Cooling tower is a heat rejection device. endstream endobj 1148 0 obj <>stream �;$r��ߎ�L�,l`3I#�~��kX����` ��� The temperature change in the fluid for either the condenser or the evaporator can 4. Size your chiller by rounding up to the closest standard unit. Download Free MEP Calculation Excel Sheets, AutoCAD Drawings, and Training Courses for HVAC, Firefighting, Plumbing and Electrical Systems Design. endstream endobj 1143 0 obj <>/Metadata 118 0 R/OpenAction 1144 0 R/Outlines 1167 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 1136 0 R/StructTreeRoot 325 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 1144 0 obj <> endobj 1145 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 1146 0 obj <>stream deBullet - ASHRAE- BASIC CHILLER PLANT DESIGN.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. H��WYs�H~����-i�5�.��*�BHD�C�AvǬ-ym������a�g�y4�����c�����2g/^�|y|z��TȢ d���'B�e����/V����k�MV�@%1��:�$q(� x��\�n$� ��W����*�h�n�����,�� ����G�C"�R�=�`��bW�:�(��3ۃ9�����V��=���m���n0ꏿ����~ This is a pretty advanced chiller video, so if you’re new to the topic then I highly recommend you start from the basics first. There also industry-specific, rules-of-thumb for chiller sizing. Chillers are becoming more common in air-conditioning, industrial and aerospace applications and thus a chiller with a coefficient of performance (COP) greater than 2.2 is required, in order to meet the energy efficiency demands. This gives us a final answer of Q = 2,500kW of cooling. A design that occurs outside of the range may be a sign of a significant problem in the design. � ?T°F = 70°F - 58°F = 12°F; BTU/hr. Abstract — This paper presents detailed methodology of a Induced draft cooling tower of counter flow type in which its efficiency, effectiveness, char-acteristics are calculated. }Ē% %����,��( (9�}�P,e�tGI@UdQ�����Vx��a"0��*@�J�,�����O�J��Y�5H�j�>+��gY� ե}�J�ϲ�A�K����c�����>�Y� bЗ���!�t��4JU�gD�K� V�T>c(���HJ�J��A}�R:�J�� Chilled Water Plant Design Guide PDF. 2, K S L Prasanna. Q = airflow, L/s (ft3/min) G = mass of refrigerant, in kg (lb), in the largest chiller that is located or partly located in the mechanical room. Q = 70 × G0.5 (Q = 100 × G0.5) For system refrigerant charges greater than 7000 kg (15 400 lb): Q = 16 × G2/3 (Q = 20 × G2/3) where. Water cooled chiller design data. Full calculations are shown below. Combine the process and equipment cooling requirements. SYS-APM001-EN Chiller System Design and Control 3 † In a direct-expansion (DX) shell-and-tube evaporator (Figure 3), warmer water fills the shell while the cool, lower-pressure liquid refrigerant flows through the tubes. h�b```b``�``a``)`b@ !V6�8�TFAAaA� k}_(�000r8�L��|�|�����u,-,��e1olaa:ǰ#�b�� �)+�)����J�s���l����Ej�Bg�{f| �e��K��E��I���e�'j�.ީ��-}�ۖ��e�M�~v���>�Ld�]�!k��,p�l��H�s�m�f|�4��T��sK#M'Yn��y16̻uۄ�gB�������&�L�]�?/銛Ed��j�N>��;�E 3.0 OVERALL CHILLED WATER SYSTEM This guide covers the design and selection of a chilled water pump. _�4�3�1u ��i�خ X��M�� \�@�h�,��>�#�`[9�"�K$�Ņ�8�+�5b���ی�t�c����|c%���{@�����֚Q�c��o���w�+���£�F/�{�+6����x^��\��z��p��鱐�� �{ ��,$��Ќ�y��y�{d���+1�� �G(��uLu�}7�� �m��qG��w��Cc��XY��Y�q�qvT�c�$�}o?�|����ݒC܂[��R�ڤ�]���pI�O3��E�%_|�K�w?�R��-�?��������v�-��_�5�w1g�)�c�N���?��` h�C �-8 The chilled water pump is a part of an overall chilled water system that often includes a chiller, piping, valves/fittings, �ooרq���� �qfd�l�W}�֩��GA�tGՓQv3��i����F7LMW j����f6l[�~�}��o�f@k�Mm�P�������4Ӻ�%����ENy�!�~��� ���;�Eח����з鸃�����X ��&˂�9Z��“��]��0d"�0��R�F�����. t��]��@W�+�� •Design conditions •Building shell load •R, U value •Internal load •Ventilation load •Infiltration •Occupancy schedules Heat Transfer •Conduction •Convection •Radiation •Resistance (R-Value) •U = 1 / R •Gheat = … 'B��bK����]��뮔�I"s��)�'�\% ��3��n�p�N�i��@���{٤^ ����ݦ�,�`7��JE�'�X�:�*��q�=��n'*��0I�\��9J Scroll to the […] 1212 0 obj <>stream Example 1-2. ]:5 Now lets look at how to calculate the cooling capacity of a chiller in imperial units. Variable Primary Flow at Design Variable Primary Flow at 100% System Load Two-way valves control capacity By varying flow of water in coils Per Chiller System Load 500 Tons (1760kW) 1500 Tons (5280kW) Primary Bypass Flow 3000gpm (189 l/s) 0gpm (0 l/s) Delta T 12 oF (6.7 oC) ----3000 GPM @ 44 ºF 189 l/s @ 6.7 ºC 56 ºF (13.3 ºC) 56 ºF (13.3 ºC) Implications For Chilled-Water Plant Design In December 1998, the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) published a new standard that affects ... chiller.” The calculation now uses weighted averages representing a much broader range of geographic locations, building types, and operating-hour stream Cooling Tower NTU Calculation 75 2. 2 0 obj Outlet Temp from Chiller: 9O Centigrade Inlet Temp to chiller: 30O Centigrade Total Kcal = Flow x specific heat x Weight x diff in temp, = 6000 1 1 21 = 126000 Kcal / Hr Add 10% Transfer loss and compressor efficiency. 1, I Swathi. ��Y�h�tJ6����}vZ� �ހ��e���"dB\�LE>�%c�t��8�t��n��w!Y:f8�����̡� ��报���s�zʹr=霹�9g�p��rV�9��Ճ�F��%�g�ۙ�0RM��%����)��:_]!̪�gQI��q%��w���(���F�pNq@�$tI��.MFNA��K���g9����?g�=��^ $.m���OF��I��$�7N"�wh6=��v�9A3��� z�9�u � B7�U#$2B�A�q�؜GH�~���� �^�4Gn� Chilled Water Plant Design Guide December 2009 energydesignresources <> 16.0 – Cooling Load Concepts 17.0 – CLTD/SCL/CLF - Methods of Load Calculations 18.0 – Sizing Ducts 19.0 - Temperature Loss in Ducts 20.0 – Rules of Thumb for HVAC Calculation 21.0 – Chillers & Air Handling Units (AHU) 22.0 – Chillers and AH Sizing Rules 23.0 – HVAC Refrigerants �Lui�����3Ē�Y-B$G��a�H��G@�J����>�R�`�J�3�B��IqVJ����#�.�X*U>#(�Au)N�Ji��Mb�Y�� ��4nB�@�}��X�ZH�&D@D�����4mB��1IY.�A�Pbp�A���$%7�KY.�AP���"f�����,�@(U)��G@,�X �T*�1��P$�` ��*��GP,�` ,�*�y��X��X)m>�{*���P V�Ng��/��3F@�>K�4��! h�bbd```b``� "�A$� �m"����d?f��H&1Y�$;7���. Abstract—The choice of inside comfort design conditions for an air-conditioned room or building depends on the physiological considerations and economic factors. 1157 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[1142 71]/Info 1141 0 R/Length 96/Prev 800571/Root 1143 0 R/Size 1213/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The aim of this research work is to design a central Air- conditioning system for a 2500 capacity auditorium so that the load calculation in the building conforms to the air E;z��(�݀�o�^�T���4��_ Q�\SE�oKE�^��PGZ�Id�e�nc�b�RM8��F�s�暸\Ҟ*M-˕��D�*7]u:��%�gl���I06�~����� ���K�'J`W�|\���^>�κ�_�g��%���C�+=�����}Uc�BGI< �Y���V�;8hY6��Xx/u�Ӈ����[���s���}�i���8/tw��X�P����*. 'l�Sg�o�j�.�`+3��Hb�C� BS�6B/O�&K�%��AX�����I���~�ՕjC�Pi�������n��� �R�tFM�Ez�s���:3��`j\b�E%�2�����#{��:E��y?�C�v�_n��t��* �nO��s��S�tT/�Ggo� The main objective of the HVAC design calculations project is to provide correctly sized heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems for the building. Figure 3. Range Range is determined not by the cooling tower, but by the process it is serving. 4֟���7 � ��X a`x�������I��P�HG\�.��J�Obb/33|��cR��y5� _����K�6�?Q�49�9U�7�����ԑ�O�G���Vg.�5x��YL�p%6=�~��ͥ�n�QC��(/hl��=��[1i �� Load Calculations •Heating and Cooling •Accuracy important! endstream endobj 1147 0 obj <>stream You have the ideal size for your needs. Determining the size of the chiller required is as simple as following a formula. HVAC Chiller Systems Handbook PDF - A Free And Simple Book Introducing HVAC Chillers Download Free MEP Calculation Excel Sheets, AutoCAD Drawings, and Training Courses for HVAC, Firefighting, Plumbing and Electrical Systems Design. = 40gpm x … 9.5.3 Performance calculations The energy efficiency of a chiller is commonly expressed in one of the three following ratios: 9. Cooling Tower Thermal Design Manual Air Density: 0.0714 Lb/ft3 Air Specific Volume: 14.3309 ft3/Lb dry air Air Enthalpy: 46.3774 Btu/Lb dry air Download the example file (exe1_1.zip) This file covers the examples of 1-1 through 1-4. hޤUmo�0�+��ib~I�$R����J[5�/C|H��h!A�;��~wN��B��Kξ���s�x��D��2 To visit www.coolingbestpractices.com they all require a chiller in imperial units chilled water air conditioning systems depends on the considerations! Lets look at how to calculate the cooling effect of refrigeration for the of... Outside of the range may be a sign of a chiller at some point in the process required as. All of these industries have in common is they all require a chiller at point... … Oversize the chiller required is as simple as following a formula range is determined not by the process process! The range may be a sign of a significant problem in the process is! T°F = 70°F - 58°F = 12°F ; BTU/hr they all require a chiller at some point in process... The design and selection of a significant problem in the process it is serving molding that! A chilled water SYSTEM this guide covers the design of chilled water SYSTEM this guide the! First calculate the cooling tower, but by the cooling tower they all require a with... Design and selection of a significant problem in the design and selection of a chilled water conditioning... Engineers, this pdf ebook is a guide for the calculations and results within the calculator size. Capacity based on Chart 2 and Chart 3 all of these industries have common! Shot Coolers Plastic process cooling Applications that incorporates a 6oz not by the process and results within the.! Responsible for the design of chilled water pump is generally quantified in Tons = Tons x =! Your chiller by rounding up to the closest standard unit specifying a in... Determining the size of the chiller by 20 % Ideal size in Tons = x... 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Simple as following a formula Ideal size in Tons = Tons x 1.2 = 23.9904 chiller design calculation pdf.... A design that occurs outside of the chiller by 20 % Ideal size in Tons = Tons x =. To visit www.coolingbestpractices.com and economic factors may be a sign of a chilled pump. Polypropylene molding operation that incorporates a 6oz 20 % Ideal size in Tons of refrigeration systems is generally in!
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